This guide was written for German beginners that don’t know where to start learning the German language. Take the time to learn with this German language guide and let these points soak in, then build on them as you continue your German studies.
Good luck, and have fun learning German.
The German language is known by an estimated 140 Million across Europe and around the world.
German is tied with French as the most learned second language in the European Union.
The importance of German as playing a crucial role for centuries in Europe and on the world stage.
Within any language or language group, there may be significant changes in speech, vocabulary, and pronunciation. The term used to describe these changes is called a dialect.
Some words or phrases that exist in one dialect may exist or be absent from different German dialects. A Few German Dialects exist today because of various German dialects merging together through German history. German Dialects
Different German dialects of the German language are spoken in many different nations and regions around the world, most commonly throughout Europe.
However, the differences in regional dialects may not make one German speaker nearly incomprehensible to another. In most cases, the different German dialects don’t have a specific written form of the language, but there’s usually a certain amount of literature that accompanies each German dialects.
Learning to read the German Alphabet should be the first stop for German beginners.
The German Alphabet has four more letters than the English Alphabet and different pronunciation too.
The German alphabet is part of Germanic language that’s origins trace back to early 700s. German contains the twenty six letters of the English alphabet and adds the extra letters ä, ö, ü and ß. All German letter have upper and lowercase version except for ß. The letter ß will never be at the start of a word.
German is sometime viewed by non-native German speakers as a harsh sounding language. The German language is a more consistent phonetically language than English.
Learn German Alphabet Pronunciation
Some German Letters are pronounce way different then their English counterparts. For example, the German W sounds like English V, and German V sounds like the English F. Most of the time the S in German sounds like Z in English when placed at the beginning of a word followed by a vowel. Learn German Alphabet letters g, ch, and r are pronounce mostly in the back of the throat. The pronunciation of some of these German letters does not have an English counterpart (Like “ü” for example”).
German numbers are easy to understand because they are written exactly like English Numbers but are pronounced differently. Understanding how to write German numbers should take very little time and effort to learn.
It’s actually pretty straightforward when it comes to learning how to use the German number system. Pronouncing German numbers on the other hands get a little bit tricky. German numbers 1 to 10 should be your primary focus when you begin. German numbers after gain a suffix added to the base number. To illustrate what I mean, here are German numbers 1 to 100.
German Numbers 1 to 100
German Numbers beginning at ten through nineteen gain the suffix “zehn” added to the base number. German numbers from 13-19 work like this. However, the number twenty adds und- to the mix. So it goes base number + und + the appropriate suffix. Example of how to write the pronunciation of German numbers below.
Understanding how to write German numbers is really that simple to learn. Only takes an hour or two to fully memorizes the German number system.
German numbers are just alike English numbers except for different pronunciation
Logical next step for German beginners after learning the German Alphabet would be to start developing your German vocabulary with German words and phrases.
Learning German grammar rules can be considered the cornerstone of the language and will take some time to learn but creates a sturdy foundation to help you completely learn German in no time.
The German grammar rules you must follow and understand to properly speak the German language.
The fun part of learning any language.. learning Grammar!
German Grammar Rules: Sentence Structure
German Sentence structure as 4 distinct cases that can potentially follow.
German Grammar Rules: Nouns and Pronouns
• German Nouns can be either masculine, feminine, and neuter. German Nouns and Pronouns are always capitalizes.
• Masculine and Feminine don’t always apply to how “manly” or how “female” the subject is.
• Masculine nouns usually include male people and animals, the seasons, and months of the year.
• German Verbs have different endings to the words depending on which tense of the word is used.
• German Adjectives vary depending on which gender and case of the noun they are describing.
Learn German Alphabet Diphthongs and Grouped Consonants
Diphthongs are combinations of two vowels(and only vowels) that are combined and sounded together. Consonants can be grouped together this way as well. Instead of each letter being pronounced separately, the two letters have combined pronunciation and sound.
Example of German Alphabet Diphthongs and Group Consonants below.
To do the extra German letters without using the German keyboard. Alt code can be used. Alt code is when you press then hold down the Alt key on your keyboard then type in numbers on your num pad then release the alt key.
The German Alphabet plays a very important role in learning German, especially when it comes to pronunciation. So make sure to practice pronouncing the German Alphabet multiple times often. Whenever you can.
Help you Around German Countries
If you ever play to visit a country where the primary spoken language is German, then knowing and being able to use common German phrases. Even though English is gradually becoming the most used language in international business in some situations. Speaking the language of the locals and talking to the people. It shows respect and an effort to their culture by just knowing a few common German phrases.
In any language, you should be able to greet people and introduce yourself or simply ask for help or directions. German greeting and phrases to start or end conversations. Being able to introduce yourself in German. Being able to say your “Sorry” or ask politely for someone to repeat themselves. Common German words and phrases like saying “yes’ and “no”
Most of the sentences below can be used for travel and daily life conversations. So they might come handy if you memorize and practice then. The following is a list of common German phrases that you may need to know in the German language:
I hope you find this page of common German phrases useful in your travels. Memorizes them and try to incorporate them into your daily conversation
I was a little hesitant to write this article because some people might be offended and such. but actually, it was one of the most requested things I receive in my email. It comes as no surprise really since I’m sure most of us would admit that we always seek out the profanity when learning a new language.
Learning German swear words for a variety of reasons. Most people tend to swear when they are stressed or angry. If you have a relative that knows a second language then get upset and start talking in their other language? People also tend to swear when they are hurt in some way. Studies have shown that swearing does have pain reducing element.
Remember there are a time and place for using theses German Swear Words. So only use these German Swear words when it’s appropriate
If you are really serious about learning German and want to maximize your time then you should consider using an German language course to further aide you in your quest to learn German. There are several great programs out there that deliver a great language learning experience. The advantages of a language learning program is the organization and having a next step already lined up.
Most break down the lessons into 30 minute intervals that can fit into any type of schedule. Flexibly to retry a lesson to make sure you understand what you are learning and give you confidence in succeeding.
Examples of great German language programs can be found below.