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Learn Spanish Language Basics [2024]

Spanish Language Basics Guide

This guide was written for Spanish Beginners that don’t know where to start learning the Spanish language. You probably already have your own reasons on whether or not you want to begin learning Spanish or not. You may have doubts or simply lack the necessary motivation to learn. Many people have various reasons for learning any language. So I humbly submit 5 reasons on why you should consider learning Spanish as a second or possibly third language.

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Why Learn the Spanish Language?

1. Growing 350 million Spanish Speaking population worldwide.

Spanish is spoken by an estimated 350 million people around the world and growing! Spanish is currently ranked the Third most commonly spoken language worldwide. Knowing Spanish allows you to communicate with a third of a billion speakers worldwide!

2. Communicate with the growing United State Spanish speaking Population.

Throughout the United States, it is possible to have close contact to native Spanish speakers in many cities or in rural areas. Definitely true in the states surrounding the Mexico border, or other states such as Florida that have a lot of Cuban immigrants or of Cuban ancestry reside. 2008 the estimated amount of Hispanics constituted 14 percent of the nation’s total population.. This will only continue to rise. Currently 53% of students attending US colleges and universities are choosing to learn Spanish over any other language.

3. Learning Spanish can enlighten your travels around the world

Ever wanted to visit a exotic and tropical places around the world? Look no further then the great variety of Spanish-speaking countries that have beautiful landscapes that match that description. Whether it’s Central America or Spain, knowing the Spanish language will enhance your experience with the Spanish locals.

Knowing a countries language and culture before you visit, can give you a better understanding than someone then a non-Spanish speaker. It’s always easier and more enjoyable when you can speak Spanish fluently with native speakers when you travel. Putting forth just a little effort into learning the Spanish language can improve your appreciation of the places you visit.

4. Learning Spanish can improve your employment chances.

Additional skills such as knowing a second language can be beneficial when looking for a job in this troubled market today. In fact, many jobs today require a minimum of basic proficiency in another language.

Especially when the business world becoming more international and global, contact with people from other countries in the word is becoming more necessary. Just having a basic knowledge in another language separates you from other applicants for a job you are applying for. Such jobs include nurses, social workers, teachers, salespeople, translators, and much more. Often Bilingual employees receive larger salaries then their monolingual counterparts. Cause after all, who couldn’t use more cash?

5. Learn Spanish to make lifelong friends.

The most important reason to learn any language is to communicate with people around you. Some people don’t realize this fact because they are usually intimidated at meeting new people that otherwise wouldn’t be possible. Communicating with someone in their fluent language is a great icebreaker and allows you to connect better then using hand gestures or body language.

Even though becoming fluent in Spanish can take it’s toll of effort, dedication, and the time learning the language. The benefits can be much greater for your relationships at home and aboard.

Learn Spanish Alphabet

Learning to read the Spanish Alphabet should be the first stop for Spanish beginners.

Spanish used to have 30 letters until 3 of them were removed(Ch, ll, and rr). Spanish has 27 letters, 26 from the English Alphabet with the letter “ñ” added in plus different pronunciation as well.

The Spanish Alphabet currently contains twenty-seven letters including the twenty-six from the English Alphabet with extra letter ñ.

Some Spanish letters of the Spanish Alphabet are pronounced differently than their English counterparts.

There are two kinds of syllables in Spanish:

  • Stressed (tónicas)
  • Unstressed (átonas).

One-syllable words will be either tónicas or átonas. In words with more that one syllable, only one can be stressed. Spanish as changed over recent years, removing letters from the Spanish Alphabet.

So make sure to practice pronouncing and writing the Spanish Alphabet whenever you can. As many times as you can.

Practice with the Spanish alphabet with pictures below:

Spanish Alphabet Chart

Spanish Alphabet Chart
Spanish Alphabet Chart

How many words in the spanish language?
The Spanish Language has about 150,000 Official Words

Learn Spanish Numbers

Spanish numbers are similar to English but with a different pronunciation. Further information about both the Spanish Alphabet and Spanish Numbers linked below.

Understanding how to write Spanish numbers should take very little time and effort to learn.

Spanish numbers are easy to understand because they are written exactly like English Numbers but are pronounced differently.

It’s actually pretty straightforward when it comes to learning how to use the Spanish number system.

Pronouncing Spanish numbers on the other hands get a little bit tricky. Spanish numbers 1 to 10 should be your primary focus when you begin.

Spanish Numbers 1-10

Spanish Vocabulary for Times/Day
Today hoy
Tomorrow manana
Yesterday ayer
Tonight esta noche
Morning manana
Afternoon tarde
Spanish Numbers 1-10
Spanish Numbers 1-10

Spanish Numbers 1-100

Spanish Numbers beginning at twenty gain prefixes and on top of that add “y” to the mix. So overall the pattern becomes an appropriate prefix + y + base number.

Spanish numbers after gain various prefixes added to the base number. To illustrate what I mean, here are Spanish numbers 1 to 100 and their prefixes.

Example of how to write the pronunciation of Spanish numbers below.


Spanish Numbers-1-100

Pronouncing Spanish Numbers Examples

Pronouncing Spanish Numbers Examples

Understanding how to write Spanish numbers is really that simple to learn. Only takes an hour or two to fully memorizes the Spanish number system.

Learn Spanish Vocabulary

The logical next step for Spanish beginners after learning the Spanish Alphabet would be to start developing your Spanish vocabulary with Spanish words and phrases.

Basic Spanish Vocabulary Words

Basic Spanish Vocabulary Words
Basic Spanish Vocabulary Words

Spanish Vocabulary for Times & Days

Spanish Vocabulary for Times/Day
Today hoy
Tomorrow manana
Yesterday ayer
Tonight esta noche
Morning manana
Afternoon tarde
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Spanish Vocabulary for Months/Year

Spanish Vocabulary for Months/Year
January enero
February febrero
March marzo
April abril
May mayo
June junio
July julio
August agosto
September septiembre
October octubre
November noviembre
December diciembre
Spanish Vocabulary for Months/Year
Spanish Vocabulary for Months/Year

Spanish Words for The Weather

Spanish Vocabulary Words for Weather
Rain lluvia
Snow meve
Fog niebla
Cloudy nublado
Sunshine sol
Cold frio
Warm caliente
Windy ventoso
Spanish Words for The Weather
Spanish English Words for The Weather

Spanish Vocabulary Words Meal times Food

Spanish Vocabulary for Mealtimes/Food
Breakfast desayuno
Lunch almuerzo
Dinner cena
Coffee cafe
Fish pescado
Milk leche
Onion cebolla
Salad ensalada
Beverage bebida
Tea te
Cake pastel
Sausage salchicha
Cheese queso
Spanish Vocabulary Words Meal times Food
Spanish Vocabulary Words Meal times Food

Spanish Words for Animals

Spanish Vocabulary for Animals
Dog perro
Cat gato
Fish pescado
Bird pajaro
Pig cerdo
Monkey mono
Deer ciervo
Spanish Words for Animals
Spanish Words for Animals

Spanish Words for Anatomy

Spanish Vocabulary Words for Anatomy
Head cabeza
Heart corazon
Brain cerebro
Lungs Puhnones
Hands Manos
Legs Piemas
Arms armas
Chest pecho
Fingers Dedos
Toes Dedos de los pies
Eyes Ojos
Spanish Words for Anatomy
Spanish Words for Anatomy

Spanish Words for Colors

Spanish Vocabulary for Colors
Black negro
White blanco
Yellow amarillo
Orange naranja
Blue azul
Brown marron
Green verde
Purple purpura
Violet violeta
Red rojo
Gray gris
Spanish Words for Colors
Spanish Words for Colors

Spanish Words for Professions

Spanish Vocabulary for Professions
Doctor medico
Lawyer abogado
Dentist dentista
Writer escritor
Banker banquero
Secretary secretario
Engineer ingeniero
Farmer agricultor
Carpenter carpintero
Architect arquitecto
Postman cartero
Pilot piloto
Teacher maestro
Cook cocinar
Mechanic mecanico
Bartender barman
Spanish Words for Professions
Spanish Words for Professions

Learn Spanish Phrases

Romantic Spanish Phrases

Romantic Spanish Phrases
I love you Te amo
I love you a lot Te quiero mucho
Kiss Me Dame un beso
Do you love me? Me quieres?
What would I do without you? Que haria yo sin ti?
You’re the man of my dreams. Tu eres el hombre de mis suenos.
You’re thewoman of mv dreams. Tu eres la mujer de mis suenos.
Hug and Kisses Abrazo y besos
Romantic Spanish Phrases

Romantic Spanish Phrases

Spanish Vocabulary For Emotions Feelings

Spanish Vocabulary for Emotions/Feelings
Love amor
Worried preocupado
Angry enojado
Sad triste
Embarassed Avergonzada
Afraid asustado
Kind tipo
Happy feliz
Impolite descortes
Painful sensible
Bored perforado
Tired cansado
Sensitive doloroso
Beautiful hermoso
Delighted encantado
Amazed asombrado
Hate odio
Spanish Vocabulary For Emotions Feelings
Spanish Vocabulary For Emotions Feelings

Spanish Vocabulary Words for Continents
Africa Africa
Antarctica Antartida
Asia Asia
Australia Australia
Eurasia Eurasia
Europe Europa
North America America del Norte
South America America del sur
Spanish Words for Continents
Spanish Words for Continents

Spanish Words for Countries
Spanish Words for Countries

Learn Spanish Grammar

The Spanish grammar rules you must follow and understand to properly speak the Spanish language. Spanish sentence structure follows a Subject + Verb + Object format to their sentences. Spanish Nouns can be either masculine and feminine. Masculines nouns are preceded by the article “el” and usually end in a “o”. Feminine nouns are preceded by the article “la” and usually end in an “a”. Although there are Exceptions. Spanish Verbs have 5 tenses. Past, Present, Future, imperfect, and subjunctive. Spanish adjectives appear after the noun they describe. More information about Spanish grammar can be found below.

Examples of Spanish Verbs

Examples of Spanish Verbs
Examples of Spanish Verbs

Spanish Accents

Spanish Accent Marks
Spanish Accent Marks

The acute accent marks are used as an aid in pronunciation and also to distinguish some sets of words that are otherwise spelt alike and pronounced alike but have different meanings or different grammatical usages.

The dieresis, also known as the umlaut, which is placed over the u when it pronounced after a g in the combinations güe and güi. Umlauts are rarer than the other types of diacritical marks.

The tilde is used to distinguish n from ñ. In a technical sense, this might not be considered a diacritical mark, since n and ñ are separate letters of the alphabet

Online Spanish Language Learning Program

Why should you use online Spanish software to learn Spanish?

There are a variety of reasons why being conversant in Spanish is beneficial, but here are some of the main one:.

1. Knowing Spanish can broaden your professional opportunities. With the growing importance of the Hispanic market in the US, an increasing number of companies are looking for employees who can speak both English and Spanish to help them take advantage of this burgeoning market.

2. Being able to speak Spanish can enhance your travels abroad. Spain and the Latin American countries are some of the most beautiful places in the world. But if you’re only visiting them through guided tours, then you’re not really experiencing these countries at their best. Being able to speak Spanish allows you to experience these countries the way natives do, as well as allowing you to interact with the locals.

3. Being fluent in Spanish provides you with the opportunity to study abroad. You are more likely to be accepted to exchange student programs if you can speak the language of the country you’re being sent to. Exchange programs also allow you to earn valuable academic credits toward graduation as well as looking good on your resume.

But what are the advantages of using speak Spanish software rather than learning through formal classes or using other learning methods?

1. You can learn in your own spare time and at your own pace. You don’t have to adjust your working schedule to accommodate classes.

2. Speak Spanish software provides lessons in all the core language skills: speaking, reading, listening and speaking.

3. Speak Spanish software allows you to begin conversing in the language quickly by teaching you some of the most commonly-used phrases and words.

4. Speak Spanish software uses a wide variety of learning techniques, ranging from conversational practice, vocabulary and grammar exercises to interactive learning games.

5. The software includes cultural activities to teach students about the culture behind the language they are studying.

6. The software package provides you with online support from instructors who will evaluate the student’s progress and provide guidance and recommendations to ensure that they are learning the language correctly.

Examples of great Spanish Language Programs can be found below:

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About Sally Morgan

My name is Sally Morgan, I'm American and currently a Language Teacher in New York State Schools for French and Spanish. I have studied Foreign Languages, translation and teaching at the Columbia University in New York. I lived for 3 years in Europe including France, UK and Italy.

I am a passionate linguist and love how speaking another language opens the doors of communication and therefore a whole world.

Please ask me any questions below

3 thoughts on “Learn Spanish Language Basics [2024]”

  1. I love to speak and learn Spanish. But its not affordable for me . this web is helping me a lot . thanks a lot . i love him or her who published it .

  2. How do you distinguish in a sentence if someone is talking about tomorrow or morning? It says it’s manana on both.


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