Hindi Beginners Guide
This guide was written for Hindi Beginners that don’t know where to start learning the Hindi language.
[su_quote]The Hindi language is the second most spoken language in the world after Mandarin Chinese.[/su_quote]
It’s estimated that nearly half a billion people worldwide speak this wonderful language. Hindi is one of many languages in India but is considered to be the national and official language of India. The Hindi language is also known as Hindi-Urdu or Hindustani language.
The Hindi alphabet is also known as the Devanagari alphabet and contains 48 characters.
Hindi contains 10 vowels, 2 symbols, 36 constants, and has no upper and lower case of each letter.
Hindi letters are written left to right and linked together by lines through the top of each letter
Hindi Alphabet is also known as the Devanagari Alphabet or script that is used to write Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali. Since the 19th century, it has been the most commonly-used script for Sanskrit and Pali. Devanagari is also employed for Gujari, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Newari, Pahari (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes Sindhi, Panjabi, and Kashmiri.
Hindi Alphabet letters are written in a cursive shape and is recognizable by a distinctive horizontal line running along the tops of the letters that links them together. Plus they don’t have a no uppercase or lowercase version of each letter. The Hindi Alphabet consists of ten vowels and thirty-six consonants and is written left to right and linked together by the lines through the top of the letters.
The Hindi Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet which means each Hindi character is pronounced. Hindi consonants carry an inherent vowel which can be altered or muted by means of diacritics or mantra.
Hindi Number System
When you write the numbers, again, they go from left to right, like English words and numbers, but opposite for the Hindi language.
Pronouncing Hindi numbers on the other hands get very tricky. Hindi numbers 1 to 10 should be your primary focus when you begin.
Hindi Grammar Rules
Hindi sentence structure can be confusing at times but generally tend to follow a Subject-Object-Verb pattern.
Hindi nouns have genders: Masculine and Feminine.
Masculine usually ending in a and Feminine usually ending in “i” or “iya”.
Hindi Verbs usually follow the object of the sentence and can have past, present, or future tenses.
Hindi adjective changes according to the gender of the word they are modifying. More information about Hindi grammar can be found below
Hindi Grammar Rules: Sentence Structure
• Hindi uses the sentence structure of subject then object then verb.
Hindi Grammar Rules: Nouns And Pronouns
• Hindi Nouns have a Gender, Masculine or Feminine
• There are no Definite or Indefinite articles in Hindi
• Singular and plural nouns usually aren’t always distinguishable.
Hindi Grammar Rules: Verbs
• Hindi Verbs usually follow the object of the sentence
• Hindi Verbs do have a tense to them. Past, Present, or Future.
• Hindi Verbs can also be either habitual, accelerating or perfective.
Hindi Grammar Rules: Adjectives
• Hindi Adjective change according to Word Gender.
Common Hindi Words
Consider Using a Hindi Language Learning Program
If you are really serious about learning Hindi and want to maximize your time then you should consider using a Hindi language course to further aid you in your quest to learn Hindi.
There are several great programs out there that deliver a great language learning experience. The advantages of a language learning program are the organization and having the next step already lined up. Most break down the lessons into 30-minute intervals that can fit into any type of schedule. Flexible to retry a lesson to make sure you understand what you are learning and give you confidence in succeeding.
Examples of great Hindi Language Programs can be found below: