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Learn Hindi Language Guide – Learning Basic Hindi Language

Hindi Beginners Guide

This guide was written for Hindi Beginners that don’t know where to start learning the Hindi language.

[su_quote]The Hindi language is the second most spoken language in the world after Mandarin Chinese.[/su_quote]

It’s estimated that nearly half a billion people worldwide speak this wonderful language. Hindi is one of many languages in India but is considered to be the national and official language of India. The Hindi language is also known as Hindi-Urdu or Hindustani language.


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Hindi Alphabet

The Hindi alphabet is also known as the Devanagari alphabet and contains 48 characters.

Hindi contains 10 vowels, 2 symbols, 36 constants, and has no upper and lower case of each letter.

Hindi letters are written left to right and linked together by lines through the top of each letter

Hindi Alphabet is also known as the Devanagari Alphabet or script that is used to write Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali. Since the 19th century, it has been the most commonly-used script for Sanskrit and Pali. Devanagari is also employed for Gujari, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Newari, Pahari (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes Sindhi, Panjabi, and Kashmiri.

Hindi Alphabet letters are written in a cursive shape and is recognizable by a distinctive horizontal line running along the tops of the letters that links them together. Plus they don’t have a no uppercase or lowercase version of each letter. The Hindi Alphabet consists of ten vowels and thirty-six consonants and is written left to right and linked together by the lines through the top of the letters.

The Hindi Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet which means each Hindi character is pronounced. Hindi consonants carry an inherent vowel which can be altered or muted by means of diacritics or mantra.

hindi alphabet guide
hindi alphabet guide

Hindi Number System

When you write the numbers, again, they go from left to right, like English words and numbers, but opposite for the Hindi language.

Pronouncing Hindi numbers on the other hands get very tricky. Hindi numbers 1 to 10 should be your primary focus when you begin.

Hindi Vocabulary Numbers
Hindi Vocabulary Numbers

Hindi Grammar Rules

Hindi sentence structure can be confusing at times but generally tend to follow a Subject-Object-Verb pattern.

Hindi nouns have genders: Masculine and Feminine.

Masculine usually ending in a and Feminine usually ending in “i” or “iya”.

Hindi Verbs usually follow the object of the sentence and can have past, present, or future tenses.

Hindi adjective changes according to the gender of the word they are modifying. More information about Hindi grammar can be found below


Hindi Grammar Rules: Sentence Structure

• Hindi uses the sentence structure of subject then object then verb.

Hindi Grammar Rules: Nouns And Pronouns

• Hindi Nouns have a Gender, Masculine or Feminine

• There are no Definite or Indefinite articles in Hindi
• Singular and plural nouns usually aren’t always distinguishable.

Hindi Masculine / Feminie Examples
Hindi Masculine / Feminine Examples

Hindi Grammar Rules: Verbs

• Hindi Verbs usually follow the object of the sentence
• Hindi Verbs do have a tense to them. Past, Present, or Future.
• Hindi Verbs can also be either habitual, accelerating or perfective.

Hindi verb examples
Hindi verb examples

Hindi Grammar Rules: Adjectives
• Hindi Adjective change according to Word Gender.

Hindi Adjective Examples
Hindi Adjective Examples

Common Hindi Words


basic hindi words
Basic hindi words

hindi words for meals
hindi words for meals

hindi words for emotions
hindi words for emotions

hindi words for families
hindi words for families

hindi words for countries
hindi words for countries

hindi words for colors
hindi words for colors

hindi words for months years
hindi words for months years

hindi words for animals
hindi words for animals


hindi words for weather
hindi words for weather

hindi words for days weeks
hindi words for days weeks

hindi words for seasons year
hindi words for seasons year


hindi words for times / days
hindi words for times / days

Consider Using a Hindi Language Learning Program

If you are really serious about learning Hindi and want to maximize your time then you should consider using a Hindi language course to further aid you in your quest to learn Hindi.

There are several great programs out there that deliver a great language learning experience. The advantages of a language learning program are the organization and having the next step already lined up. Most break down the lessons into 30-minute intervals that can fit into any type of schedule. Flexible to retry a lesson to make sure you understand what you are learning and give you confidence in succeeding.

Examples of great Hindi Language Programs can be found below:

About Sally Morgan

My name is Sally Morgan, I'm American and currently a Language Teacher in New York State Schools for French and Spanish. I have studied Foreign Languages, translation and teaching at the Columbia University in New York. I lived for 3 years in Europe including France, UK and Italy.

I am a passionate linguist and love how speaking another language opens the doors of communication and therefore a whole world.

Please ask me any questions below

8 thoughts on “Learn Hindi Language Guide – Learning Basic Hindi Language”

  1. Hi Sally,
    While searching the Hindi alphabets ( Translation/pronunciation > Vern malaa/ वर्ण माला) for my grand son, In English, I know only one meaning of grand son or daughter as Son’s or Daughters kid’s but in Hindi – Son’s son/daughter are called Pota > पोता/ Poti > पोती (as per their gender) where as daughter’s son shall be know as Nati > नाती and her daughter shall be introduced as Natin > नातिन). .
    By the way, I forgot to introduce myself first before addressing this letter to you. Well, I am Sunil Khare > सुनील खरे, an Indian, , a young man of 66 years, now retired 6 years ago.
    Taking a cue from the your last sentence ( Please ask me any questions below) I took this liberty to tell you that, though, I landed on this amazing website of yours through Google search, but I must say it is an appreciable effort of yours or your team mates to introduce and help the learners from all over the world to learn so many languages from just one place.
    I actually thought I’ll find it from a Hindi website but thanx to Google which gave me a chance to meet a lovely young lady linguist having knowledge of few other languages as well.And while doing so, I also took liberty to introduce to few Hindi words with their Hindi pronunciation and translation. By the way, there are 2 more things, in almost every language, known as CONSONANTS ( swar > स्वर) & VOWELS & (vyanjan > व्यंजन)॰ My mother-tongue is HINDI.
    I think it is more than enough for our first introduction through this email. I’ll be very happy to clarify any thing in Hindi, if you so wish.
    Thank you and God bless you for the commendable work.
    Affectionately,

    Sunil.

    Reply
  2. You know none of the websites above is available for learning Hindi(Examples of great Hindi Language Programs can be found below:www.rosettastone.com,www.duolingo.com,www.busuu.com)so I am really disappointed where can I get a tutorial about learning Hindi note that it better be free.

    Reply
  3. hi sally i am Dr Ramesh Jawalkar from creel planet school hyderabad INDIA .HOW YOU ARE MANAGING ONLINE CLASSES .

    Reply

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