This guide was written for Hindi Beginners that don’t know where to start learning the Hindi language.
It’s estimated that nearly half a billion people worldwide speak this wonderful language. Hindi is one of many languages in India but is considered to be the national and official language of India. The Hindi language is also known as Hindi-Urdu or Hindustani language.
Learning to read the Hindi Alphabet should be the first stop for Hindi beginners.
The Hindi alphabet is also known as the Devanagari alphabet and contains 48 characters.
Hindi contains 10 vowels, 2 symbols, 36 constants, and has no upper and lower case of each letter.
Hindi letters are written left to right and linked together by lines through the top of each letter
Hindi Alphabet is also known as the Devanagari Alphabet or script that is used to write Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali. Since the 19th century, it has been the most commonly-used script for Sanskrit and Pali. Devanagari is also employed for Gujari, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Newari, Pahari (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes Sindhi, Panjabi, and Kashmiri.
Hindi Alphabet letters are written in a cursive shape and is recognizable by a distinctive horizontal line running along the tops of the letters that links them together. Plus they don’t have a no uppercase or lowercase version of each letter. The Hindi Alphabet consists of ten vowels and thirty-six consonants and is written left to right and linked together by the lines through the top of the letters.
The Hindi Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet which means each Hindi character is pronounced. Hindi consonants carry an inherent vowel which can be altered or muted by means of diacritics or mantra.
Conjunct Consonants occur when two or more consonants appear together in clusters. These can eventually pair up to a having a possible four or five consonants linked together at max. There are an estimated thousand possible combinations of conjunct consonants that can be formed. Some examples of Hindi Conjunct Consonants below.
Within any language or language group, there may be significant changes in speech, vocabulary, and pronunciation. The term used to describe these changes is called a dialect. Some words or phrases that exist in one dialect may exist or be absent from a different dialect. The most common dialect in the Hindi language is the Khariboli Dialect. Khariboli is recognized as the standard Hindi dialects.
Understanding how to write Hindi numbers should take very little time and effort to learn.
When you write the numbers, again, they go from left to right, like English words and numbers, but opposite for the Hindi language.
It’s actually pretty straightforward when it comes to learning how to use the Hindi number system. Pronouncing Hindi numbers on the other hands get very tricky. Hindi numbers 1 to 10 should be your primary focus when you begin.
Hindi numbers after gain a suffix added to the base number. To illustrate what I mean, here are Hindi numbers 1 to 100.
Hindi Numbers are very different from other number systems since they don’t follow a format that can be easily explained. They use partial suffixes added to words but language rules change the pronunciation of each number drastically in some cases. So I’ll expand on the above example of how to write the pronunciation for Hindi numbers 1-00 below.
Understanding how to write Hindi numbers is really that simple to learn. Only takes an hour or two to fully memorizes the Hindi number system.
Khariboli Hindi – Which is spoken in Western Uttar Pradesh. Considered to be the Official Dialect of Hindi.
Bambaiya Hindi – A slang form of Hindi-Urdu which is spoken primarily in Bombay (Mumbai).
Brajbhasa Hindi – spoken in the region of Braj.
Kanauji Hindi –
Bundeli Hindi –
Bagheli Hindi –
Chhattisgarhi Hindi –
Hariyanvi Hindi –
Bhaya Hindi –
Chamari Hindi –
Ghera Gowli Hindi –
Different Hindi dialects of the Hindi language are spoken in many different nations and regions around the world, most commonly throughout Southern Asia. However, the differences in regional dialects may not make one Hindi speaker nearly incomprehensible to another. In most cases, the different Hindi dialects don’t have a specific written form of the language, but there’s usually a certain amount of literature that accompanies each Hindi dialects.
The fun part of learning any language.. learning grammar!
The grammar rules you must follow to properly speak a language. But don’t worry about how hard learning Hindi Grammar might feel at first. Learning Hindi grammar rules is one of the most effective ways to speed up your ability to speak the Hindi language. Keep in mind this is just a basic introduction to understanding how Hindi grammar works.
The Hindi grammar rules you must follow and understand to properly speak the Hindi language.
Hindi sentence structure can be confusing at times but generally tend to follow a Subject-Object-Verb pattern.
Hindi nouns have genders: Masculine and Feminine.
Masculine usually ending in a and Feminine usually ending in “i” or “iya”.
Hindi Verbs usually follow the object of the sentence and can have past, present, or future tenses.
Hindi adjective changes according to the gender of the word they are modifying. More information about Hindi grammar can be found below
Hindi Grammar Rules: Sentence Structure
• Hindi uses the sentence structure of subject then object then verb.
Hindi Sentence Structure
Hindi Grammar Rules: Nouns And Pronouns
• Hindi Nouns have a Gender, Masculine or Feminine
• There are no Definite or Indefinite articles in Hindi
• Singular and plural nouns usually aren’t always distinguishable.
Hindi Nouns Hindi Pronouns
Hindi Grammar Rules: Verbs
• Hindi Verbs usually follow the object of the sentence
• Hindi Verbs do have a tense to them. Past, Present, or Future.
• Hindi Verbs can also be either habitual, accelerating or perfective.
Hindi Grammar Rules: Adjectives
• Hindi Adjective change according to Word Gender.
Learning Hindi grammar rules can be considered the cornerstone of the language and will take a while to learn but creates a sturdy foundation to help you completely learn Hindi in no time. Take the time to let these points soak in, then build on them as you continue your Hindi studies. Good luck, and have fun learning Hindi.
If you are really serious about learning Hindi and want to maximize your time then you should consider using a Hindi language course to further aid you in your quest to learn Hindi. There are several great programs out there that deliver a great language learning experience. The advantages of a language learning program are the organization and having a next step already lined up. Most break down the lessons into 30-minute intervals that can fit into any type of schedule. Flexible to retry a lesson to make sure you understand what you are learning and give you confidence in succeeding. Examples of great Hindi language programs can be found below.
Examples of great Hindi language programs can be found below: