Learning to read the Hindi Alphabet should be the first stop for Hindi beginners. The Hindi alphabet is also known as the Devanagari alphabet and contains 48 characters. Hindi contains 10 vowels, 2 symbols, 36 constants, and has no upper and lower case of each letter.
Hindi letters are written left to right and linked together by lines through the top of each letter. Hindi Alphabet is also known as the Devanagari Alphabet or script that is used to write Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali. Since the 19th century, it has been the most commonly-used script for Sanskrit and Pali. Devanagari is also employed for Gujari, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Newari, Pahari (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes Sindhi, Panjabi, and Kashmiri.
Hindi Alphabet letters are written in a cursive shape and is recognizable by a distinctive horizontal line running along the tops of the letters that links them together. Plus they don’t have a no uppercase or lowercase version of each letter. The Hindi Alphabet consists of ten vowels and thirty-six consonants and is written left to right and linked together by the lines through the top of the letters.
Hindi Alphabet Chart
Hindi Conjunct Consonants Chart
The Hindi Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet which means each Hindi character is pronounced. Hindi consonants carry an inherent vowel which can be altered or muted by means of diacritics or mantra.
Conjunct Consonants occur when two or more consonants appear together in clusters. These can eventually pair up to a having a possible four or five consonants linked together at max. There are an estimated thousand possible combinations of conjunct consonants that can be formed. Some examples of Hindi Conjunct Consonants below.
Hindi Alphabet is very important when it comes to learning to write and read the Hindi Language. So make sure to practice pronouncing and writing the Hindi Alphabet whenever you can. As many times as you can.
Within any language or language group, there may be significant changes in speech, vocabulary, and pronunciation. The term used to describe these changes is called a dialect. Some words or phrases that exist in one dialect may exist or be absent from a different dialect. The most common dialect in the Hindi language is the Khariboli Dialect. Khariboli is recognized as the standard Hindi dialects.
18 thoughts on “Learn Hindi Alphabet – Hindi Language Alphabet Chart Table”
it is very interesting to learn i required these types
Very useful alphabet
I need spoken version
I am Nigerians citizen,I am learning Hindi language with my self think you for helping me with this nice posting bohot achhahe(अचछा)
I am having a hard time understanding it,
please what can I do?
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I learned all of this already in school, but this was a really good for me to review. I also got to know much information about this that I didn’t know before.
Hi Anu could you please help me to learn how to pronounce this word. I know its ” mre + ‘ ‘ + ta. I dont know how to pronounce the middle word.
I will appreciate your help.
ठ्ठ is t-ta. ळ is lla not normally used in Hindi.
It’s good to know that you showed interest in Hindi.
Many of Hindi-speaking people may not even know that the alphabet of Indian languages is full of science. Each letter of the alphabet is logical and placed sequentially with precise calculations. Such a scientific view is not ingrained in the alphabet of other foreign languages e.g. See:
*क ख ग घ ઙ* – This group of five is called *kanthavya* because the sound comes out of the throat while pronouncing this. Try pronouncing.
*च छ ज ज ઞ* – These five are called *palate* because the tongue will feel palate while pronouncing this. Try pronouncing.
*ट ठ ड ઢ ण* – These five are called *Murdhanya* because while pronouncing this the tongue will feel Murdhanya. Try pronouncing.
*त थ द ध न* – This group of five is called *Dantavya* because the tongue touches the teeth while pronouncing this. Give it a try
*प फ ब भ म* – This group of five is called *Aushthavya* because both the lips meet to pronounce this. Give it a try
I am not sure whether any other language in the world has such a scientific approach?
Yes, they all do. Most English students don’t study them, but our consonant sounds are classified as “plosives”, “fricatives”, “affricatives”, “nasals”, and “approximates”, each of these sounds can be “voiced” with the vocal cords or “unvoiced”. They are even further divided by where you make the sound (“th” for example is the “dental fricative” because it is made by constricting air with your teeth and tongue, “thick” uses the unvoiced version and “these” uses the voiced version).
Though we have only 5 (6) vowels, we have over 20 vowel sounds that we a) classify with two systems and b) share with most other Latin based languages. The two systems are the shape of the mouth when making that sound, and where the tongue is in the mouth.
So the word “art” in English starts with an “a” sound that is “open-back” when saying the word feel your mouth fully open and your tongue retreat towards the back of your mouth. The next sound “r” is the voiced fricative uvular sound (notice the slight rolling of the tongue as you make the air pass over the uvula and vibrate your vocal cords). The final sound is the unvoiced dental plosive “t”. When “most” Indians who studied English in India try to make this sound, they don’t aspirate (which is to say, forcibly expel air as they say it). When you say the word “art” can you feel a burst of air? If yes, then you are pronouncing your unvoiced plosives like an native English speakers, but the vast majority of languages do NOT aspirate with unvoice plosives (p, t, and k), and is one of the last parts of an accent to be dropped. So if you grew up in and, currently live in, India then when you say the word “art” it will sound closer to “ard” in the ears of a native English speaker.
I have studied half a dozen languages (though 4 are Latin based) and the science of phonetics (which is what you are talking about here) is in every language in the world. Most people who study most languages simply do not pay much attention to the beauty of phonetics though.
To translate a few of the groups of sounds you listed:
Kanthavya based on your description sounds like what we call “gluttal” or “uvular” in English (though I can’t read the Hindi letters, so have no clue what the sounds are, I’m basing that ONLY on your description.
Palate is what we call “palatal” (the voiced palative approximate [j] sound is the first sound in “you”).
I’m not sure what “Murdhanya” is as Google translate lists it as “murder” or a sanskrit loan word with the literal translation of “pertaining to the head”.
“Dantavya” is what we call dental (see description above for the unvoiced dental plosive in “art”)
Finally “Aushthavya” would be what we call bilabial (latin for “two lips”), for the same reason: lips touch to make the sound.
So yes, the science of phonetics is in every language I have studied, but it sounds like those who study Hindi may pay more attention to it than those who study other languages, as I didn’t start being fascinated by phonetics until college (19-20 years old)
the letters are wrong
That is a great tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere.
Short but very precise information… Many thanks for sharing this one.
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very good alphabets
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